Pennsylvania

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Homeschooling in Pennsylvania

The summaries below describe three approaches, or alternatives, offered to homeschooling families by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, to comply with compulsory education requirements. Additional and more extensive help can be found within our e-book: Pennsylvania Homeschool Legal Workbook: Your Guide to Compliance - Facts & Forms, prepared by HomeSchoolLegal.com.

 

 Approach 1

 
 Approach: Establish and operate a home education program
   
 Restrictions: Parent must have high school diploma or equivalent
   
 Reporting: Before school starts: To superintendent, submit a notarized affidavit before beginning a home education program, from then on annually by August 1 for each child, ages 8 through 17 years old. Include the parent’s name who will supervise education, address and telephone number, name and age of student, assurance that subjects will be offered in English; attach an outline of proposed education objectives by subject area (this outline shall not be used by superintendent to determine if education is taking place); attach evidence (or religious exemption) that child has received immunizations, annual vision and hearing test, TB and other tests required by Advisory Health Board, medical exam before beginning home education and during 6th and 11 grades, dental exam before beginning a home education program and during 3rd and 7th grades; plus signed certification by supervising parent that supervising parent, all adults living in the home, and person(s) with legal custody of the child have not been convicted of enumerated criminal offenses within previous five years.If child has been identified under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as needing special education services, attach written approval of home education program by a certified special education teacher, or a licensed clinical, or certified school, psychologist.At the end of the school year and by June 30th: To superintendent, submit child’s portfolio with a written certified evaluation that appropriate education is taking place, from either a teacher certified in the Commonwealth or a licensed clinical or school psychologist, who interviewed the child and reviewed child’s portfolio.
   
 Recordkeeping: Maintain an annual portfolio including reading titles and samples of child’s writing, worksheets, workbooks, or creative materials used or developed by student, and test results if testing is required in the current year.
   
 Requirements: For elementary level: English including spelling, reading and writing, arithmetic, science, georgraphy, history of the United States and Pennsylvania, civics, safety education including regular and continuous fire prevention and fire safety education, health and physiology, physical education, music, and art.For secondary level: English including language, literature, speech and composition, science, geography, social studies, civics, mathematics, algebra, geometry, art, music, physical education, health and safety education including the regular and continuous fire prevention and fire safety education.
   
 Testing: In grades 3, 5 and 8, submit results from an approved, nationally normed, standardized achievement test in: reading, language arts and mathematics. Test cannot be administered by child’s parent or guardian.
   
 Compulsory  Attendance: Children who are 8 through 17 years old, and children who attended school in first grade or higher who are not yet 17; annually 180 days or 900 hours of instruction for elementary students, 990 hours for secondary.
   
 Source of Law: Pennsylvania Statutes Annotated, Title 24, Sections 13-1327 and 13-1327.1
   
NOTE: This is not intended to be legal advice and is offered only as an educational service for visitors to www.Home-School-Inc.com and www.HomeSchoolLegal.com. It is not a substitute for competent legal advice. Requirements may change at any time, and interpretations of the law and regulations can differ. Consult a legal services provider and a local homeschooling support group for more specific information.
   
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Approach 2

 
 Approach: Hire a private tutor (could be child’s parent) certified to teach in the public schools of Pennsylvania
   
 Restrictions: Private tutor (could be child’s parent) must be a person certified to teach at child’s level of education, teaching one or more children of a single family, who provides the majority of child’s instruction and receives a fee or other consideration for the instruction, and cannot be any person who would be disqualified from school employment.
   
 Reporting: Private tutor (could be child’s parent) must file his or her Pennsylvania teacher certification plus required criminal record (background check) with local superintendent where child resides.
   
 Recordkeeping: None
   
 Requirements: Regular daily instruction provided in English
   
 Testing: None
   
 Compulsory  Attendance: Children 8 through 17 years old, and children who attended school in first grade or higher who are not yet 17; annually 180 days or 900 hours of instruction for elementary students, 990 hours for secondary.
   
 Source of Law: Pennsylvania Statutes Annotated, Title 24, Section 13.1327(a)
   
 NOTE: This is not intended to be legal advice and is offered only as an educational service for visitors to www.Home-School-Inc.com and www.HomeSchoolLegal.com. It is not a substitute for competent legal advice. Requirements may change at any time, and interpretations of the law and regulations can differ. Consult a legal services provider and a local homeschooling support group for more specific information.
   
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 Approach 3

 
 Approach: Establish and operate a homeschool by enrolling child in a day school operated by a church or other religious body and the parent, guardian, or persons having control or charge of the child shall provide 180 days of instruction (or 900 hours for elementary students and 990 hours for secondary students).
   
 Restrictions: Homeschool must be an extension of - and child must be enrolled in - a day school operated by a bona fide church or other religious body.
   
 Reporting: Day school principal must file a notarized affidavit with the Pennsylvania Department of Education setting forth the subjects, that they are offered in English, and whether day school is a non-profit organization.
   
 Recordkeeping: None
   
 Requirements: Elementary subjects: English including language, spelling, reading and writing; arithmetic; science; geography; history of the United States and Pennsylvania; civics; safety education including regular and continuous instruction in the dangers and prevention of fires; health and physiology; physical education; music; and art.Secondary subjects: English including language, literature, speech and composition; science including biology and chemistry; geography; social studies to include civics, economics, world history, history of the United States and Pennsylvania; a foreign language; mathematics to include general mathematics, statistics, algebra and geometry; art; music; physical education; health and physiology; and safety education, including regular and continuous instruction in the dangers and prevention of fires.
   
 Testing: None
   
 Compulsory  Attendance: Children 8 through 17 years old, and children who attended school in first grade or higher who are not yet 17; annually 180 days or 900 hours of instruction for elementary students, 990 hours for secondary.
   
 Source of Law: Pennsylvania Statutes Annotated, Title 24, Section 13-1327(b)
   
NOTE: This is not intended to be legal advice and is offered only as an educational service for visitors to www.Home-School-Inc.com and www.HomeSchoolLegal.com. It is not a substitute for competent legal advice. Requirements may change at any time, and interpretations of the law and regulations can differ. Consult a legal services provider and a local homeschooling support group for more specific information.
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